The Massachusetts Bay Colony was founded in 1630 by John Winthrop and other settlers. In cities along the coast, settlers earned their living fishing, whaling and building boats. The Massachusetts Bay Colony made money mainly through shipbuilding, fishing, fur and wood production. Things produced in Massachusetts were not only exported to Europe, but were also purchased by settlers from other regions.
The shipbuilding and fishing industries contributed the most to the economy of this colony. The way of life in colonial Massachusetts was determined by religion, wealth, status, and how settlers could earn a living. The majority of the labor force in colonial Massachusetts consisted of manual workers, servants, apprentices, sailors, salaried workers, and semi-skilled traders. They were lower-class settlers who could not vote or hold public office.
Few were landlords and most were illiterate. The lower classes were reinforced by hired servants and some slaves. Middle-class citizens of colonial Massachusetts could vote, but few held public office. They ran stores or small businesses, were qualified merchants, or belonged to professions.
The upper class consisted of wealthy and well-educated minor aristocrats who could vote and held high public office. The way of life focused on city life. The names of the major cities of colonial Massachusetts were Boston, Quincy, Plymouth, Salem, Lexington and Concord. Colonial Massachusetts became a hotbed for the Patriots and the founding of the Sons and Daughters of Liberty organizations that led to pre-revolutionary events such as the Boston Tea Party.
The most famous patriots of colonial Massachusetts were Paul Revere, Samuel Adams and John Adams. The first shots in the War of Independence were in the Battle of Concord. The economy of colonial Massachusetts was based on manufacturing and industries such as shipbuilding and the manufacture and export of rum. In cities along the coast, settlers earned their living fishing, whaling, shipbuilding and boating.
The economy of other parts of colonial Massachusetts was based on wood products, fur trade, maple syrup, copper, livestock products, horses, rum, whiskey and beer. The Massachusetts Bay Colony was established in 1630 by a group of Puritans from England under the leadership of Governor John Winthrop. A grant from King Charles I empowered the group to create a colony in Massachusetts. While the company intended to transfer the wealth of the New World to shareholders in England, the settlers themselves transferred the letter to Massachusetts.
In doing so, they turned a commercial enterprise into politics. The Massachusetts Bay Colony, as in any of the American Colonies, could provide opportunities for those with the courage and warmth to learn new skills and seize opportunities when they arise. Some settlers in the Massachusetts Bay Colony were subsistence farmers, seeking to earn a living from unfertile land. Others became successful fishermen, boat builders, or merchants.
Adolescents played an important role in the growth of the Massachusetts Bay colony since a 15-year-old boy was an adult in the eyes of the law (Enright, Lapsley, %26 Olson, 1988.Subsistence agriculture, mercantilism, and wars with Native Americans provided the backdrop for all the work in the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Despite the difficulties faced by settlers, the Massachusetts Bay Colony offered possibilities, which is why so many immigrants left their countries of origin. By 1640, the Massachusetts Bay Colony had grown to more than 20,000 people, which were easily the most successful colony in the New England Colonies. The quaint cottages were replaced by well-built houses with grazing animals.
Trade began to flourish and many in the colony grew rich. Natural Materials and Raw Resources in Colonial Massachusetts The natural materials and raw resources available to settlers in colonial Massachusetts were fish, whales, and wood from dense forests. The Massachusetts Bay Colony was founded by the owners of the Massachusetts Bay Company, including investors in the failed Dorchester Company, which had established an ephemeral settlement in Cape Ann in 1623. Britain's glorious revolution sparks revolt in the colonies and Boston militiamen seize Governor in Chief Andros and put him in jail.
Massachusetts Bay extended the right to vote only to Puritans, but the population of the colony was increasing and the non-Puritan population was growing along with it; therefore, tensions and conflicts were increasing regarding the future direction of the colony. Massachusetts authorities arrested Andros in April 1689 after the Glorious Revolution of 1688 in England, and reinstated government in the forms of the vacant charter. Massachusetts Bay was well-organized, prompting the population to exploit and absorb Plymouth as if it were their own. The colony's economy depended on the success of its trade, partly because its lands were not as suitable for agriculture as those of other colonies, such as Virginia, where large plantations could be established.
Although it took several years for Massachusetts settlers to start earning money, they eventually developed several trades that proved to be very successful. King James II established the New England Dominion in 1686 to place all New England colonies under stronger crown control. In 1690, James Wentworth arrived in Salem, in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, with his father, John, hoping to continue the success of John's mercantile business. England struggled to enforce its laws and regulations in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, as it was a stock colony that was different from the royal colonies and proprietary colonies administered by the English crown.
Charges of insubordination against the colony included denying the crown's authority to legislate in New England, asserting that Massachusetts Bay ruled in the province of New Hampshire and Maine, and denying freedom of conscience. Randolph informed London that the General Court of Massachusetts Bay argued that the king had no right to interfere in his business transactions. . .