Located in the Northeast corner of the U.S. In the US, New England is made up of six United States. Discover New England is the region's official cooperative marketing organization. The largest state in New England is Maine, with a total area of 35,380 square miles (91,633 square kilometers).
The smallest state in New England is Rhode Island, with 1,545 square miles (4,0001 square kilometers). New England is a region of the northeastern United States that includes the states of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Vermont. The English settlement expanded into what became Massachusetts and beyond for the rest of the 17th century. Thousands more Puritans left England to settle in the Massachusetts Bay Area.
They created other colonies, including Rhode Island, Connecticut and New Haven. In 1643, the New England colonies formed a flexible alliance to counter perceived threats posed by Native Americans and other European colonial powers, such as the Dutch and the French. The alliance was known as the United Colonies of New England. Over the next century, the colonies of New England would be involved in several wars involving Native Americans and the French colony of New France, which were collectively known as the French and Indian Wars.
This period of war culminated in the fall of New France in 1763, allowing British settlements to expand into what became western New Hampshire and Vermont, across the Connecticut River Valley. During what is known as the Antebellum Period, the period of American history between the War of 1812 and the Civil War, New England was a distinct region in the country. In general, the region did not agree politically with the rest of the country. In fact, it was for a long time a stronghold of the Abolitionist Movement, which sought to abolish slavery in the young country.
In addition, New England was the most urbanized and educated region in the country. It was also one of the first centers of the Industrial Revolution, which paved the way for the emergence of the factory-driven economy. However, in the 1930s, with the onset of the Great Depression, New England's industrial economy began to decline. This trend continued until the 1960s.
So much of New England began to resemble the Rust Belt that stretches from New York to the Midwest today. However, over time, a new economy based on high-tech industries and service industries would emerge in the region. Although immigration and economic developments have changed New England over time, the region still has a distinctive character, including its historic sites and the predominance of English city and county names. The region maintains its reputation for being well-educated, as it is home to half of the Ivy League schools in the U.S.
UU. Coastal New Englanders even have a different dialect that is said to be similar to the dialect of people in south-east England. Further inland are the Appalachian Mountains, which stretch across Connecticut, Massachusetts, Vermont, New Hampshire and Maine. Among these mountains are the White Mountains of New Hampshire, and within the White Mountains is Mt.
Washington, the highest peak in the northeastern United States. New England's longest river is the Connecticut River, which flows from northeastern New Hampshire for 407 miles (655 km) before emptying into Long Island Sound. The largest lake in the region is Lake Champlain, which is located on the border between Vermont and New York State in the Mid-Atlantic. Roger Williams was banished from Massachusetts for heresy, led a group to the south and founded Providence Plantation in the area that became the Colony of Rhode Island and the Providence Plantations in 1636. The confederation lost its influence when Massachusetts refused to engage in a war against the Dutch.
During the Great Recession, unemployment rates soared in New England as elsewhere; however, in the following years, these rates declined steadily, and New Hampshire and Massachusetts had the lowest unemployment rates in the country, respectively. In 1620, pilgrims arrived at the Mayflower and established the Plymouth Colony in Massachusetts, beginning the story of permanent European colonization in New England. Coastal areas of southern Maine, southeastern New Hampshire, eastern Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and southern Connecticut tend to be more densely populated. Logan Airport is the region's busiest transportation hub in terms of passenger numbers and total cargo, opened in 1923 and located in East Boston and Winthrop, Massachusetts.
Stop at some of the historic cities like Lowell, Massachusetts and Manchester, New Hampshire, that have been revitalized. Six years after the bloodiest of these, the Pequot War, in 1643, the colonies of Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth, New Haven and Connecticut united in a loose pact called the Confederation of New England (officially The United Colonies of New England). Commuter rail service is provided north of Springfield to Greenfield, Massachusetts, as part of the Valley Flyer Amtrak route. The typical pahk the cah accent in Hahvahd Yahd Boston is prevalent in much of eastern Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Maine and parts of Vermont.
This characteristic of the region's population is mainly due to historical factors; the original settlers settled mostly on the coast of Massachusetts Bay. There are long-distance hiking trails in the region, including the Appalachian Route, which runs through every state of New England except Rhode Island, to its end at Mount Katahdin in Maine, and the Long Route, which crosses Vermont from Massachusetts to Quebec. With the recent passage of same-sex marriage laws in Connecticut, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Vermont and Maine, the region's scenic beauty makes it a popular wedding destination for heterosexual and gay couples alike. Britain responded with a series of punitive laws that stripped Massachusetts of self-government, what settlers called Intolerable Acts.