Massachusetts is the seventh smallest state in the United States. It is located in the New England region of the northeastern United States and has an area of 10,555 square miles (27,340 km, 25.7% of which are water). Type and press “ENTER” to search New England has four distinct seasons and is truly a year-round destination. It's the change of season that New England natives like most about living in this part of the United States.
The official exchange rate fluctuates daily, according to foreign exchange markets. Check current exchange rates. New England's Geography Offers Immense Diversity. The region is bordered to the north by Canada, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, to the south by Long Island Sound and to the west by the state of New York.
There are rivers and lakes, towering forests, mountain ranges with hiking and skiing trails, grazing land and countryside, a spectacular rocky coastline and soft sandy beaches. New England's main gateway is Boston, Massachusetts, the region's largest city. Travellers, several major airlines operate regular direct flights from London to Boston's Logan International Airport, located a stone's throw from the city center. The airport is located in the heart of the New England interstate network that links Boston to all corners of the region.
The people of New England are known for their warm hospitality, friendly service and realistic approach to life. Most New Englanders love the outdoors, with many outdoor activities available throughout the region, from hiking, biking and kayaking to more extreme sports, such as rafting, tubing and skydiving. New Englanders are very passionate when it comes to sports and the most important professional teams in the region are the Boston Red Sox (baseball), the New England Patriots (American football), the Boston Celtics (basketball), the Boston Bruins (ice hockey) and the New England Revolution (football). New Englanders love their food and make the most of rich regional produce.
There's nothing like apple cider in the fall, pancakes with real maple syrup, a picnic on the beach, or a Yankee pot roast on a cold night. New England has many quintessential foods that have ties to early settlers and colonialists, as well as to the land itself. Think of blueberries, blueberries and lobster, it's hard to imagine a New England dish without one of them. Then there are clams, the vital ingredient in New England's own clam chowder, and the summer classic, fried clams.
Fresh organic fruits and produce grown on family farms are used to make pumpkin, peach and apple pies, or corn and crab meat soup. A wide variety of artisanal cheeses and breads are available, and there are also many microbreweries, distilleries and vineyards to explore throughout the region. Keep up to date with everything New England. The English settlement expanded into what became Massachusetts and beyond for the rest of the 17th century.
Thousands more Puritans left England to settle in the Massachusetts Bay Area. They created other colonies, including Rhode Island, Connecticut and New Haven. In 1643, the New England colonies formed a flexible alliance to counter perceived threats posed by Native Americans and other European colonial powers, such as the Dutch and the French. The alliance was known as the United Colonies of New England.
Over the next century, the colonies of New England would be involved in several wars involving Native Americans and the French colony of New France, which were collectively known as the French and Indian Wars. This period of war culminated in the fall of New France in 1763, allowing British settlements to expand into what became western New Hampshire and Vermont, across the Connecticut River Valley. During what is known as the Antebellum Period, the period of American history between the War of 1812 and the Civil War, New England was a distinct region in the country. In general, the region did not agree politically with the rest of the country.
In fact, it was for a long time a stronghold of the Abolitionist Movement, which sought to abolish slavery in the young country. In addition, New England was the most urbanized and educated region in the country. It was also one of the first centers of the Industrial Revolution, which paved the way for the emergence of the factory-driven economy. However, in the 1930s, with the onset of the Great Depression, New England's industrial economy began to decline.
This trend continued until the 1960s. So much of New England began to resemble the Rust Belt that stretches from New York to the Midwest today. However, over time, a new economy based on high-tech industries and service industries would emerge in the region. Although immigration and economic developments have changed New England over time, the region still has a distinctive character, including its historic sites and the predominance of English city and county names.
The region maintains its reputation for being well-educated, as it is home to half of the Ivy League schools in the U.S. UU. Coastal New Englanders even have a different dialect that is said to be similar to the dialect of people in south-east England. Further inland are the Appalachian Mountains, which stretch across Connecticut, Massachusetts, Vermont, New Hampshire and Maine.
Among these mountains are the White Mountains of New Hampshire, and within the White Mountains is Mt. Washington, the highest peak in the northeastern United States. New England's longest river is the Connecticut River, which flows from northeastern New Hampshire for 407 miles (655 km) before emptying into Long Island Sound. The largest lake in the region is Lake Champlain, which is located on the border between Vermont and New York State in the Mid-Atlantic.
In 1620, pilgrims arrived at the Mayflower and established the Plymouth Colony in Massachusetts, beginning the story of permanent European colonization in New England. Hull, Massachusetts's first chief securities officer (1930-193), helped mitigate the consequences of the Wall Street crash of 1929 and the Great Depression. Throughout the 17th century, tens of thousands of English-speaking immigrants arrived in the New World and imposed their government, culture and religion on indigenous peoples. Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont and Western Massachusetts have a humid continental climate (Dfb in the Köppen climate classification).
In addition to four of the eight Ivy League schools, New England contains the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), most of the educational institutions that identify as Little Ivies, four of the original Seven Sisters, one of the eight original Public Ivies, the Colleges of Worcester Consortium in the center of Massachusetts and the Five Colleges Consortium in Western Massachusetts. Massachusetts was at the forefront when the new country began to transform from an agrarian to an industrial economy. The Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) oversees public transportation in the greater Boston area. The War of Independence began in April 1975 with battles in Lexington, where Paul Revere and Concord, Massachusetts, announced the arrival of the British.
Descendants of Italian immigrants represent 14 percent of the population of Massachusetts today, making it the state with the fourth highest number of Italian descendants in the country. Britain responded with a series of punitive laws that stripped Massachusetts of self-government, what settlers called Intolerable Acts. The British retaliated with the Intolerable (Coercive) Acts of 1774, the main purpose of which was to punish the colony of Massachusetts. Commuter rail service is provided north of Springfield to Greenfield, Massachusetts, as part of the Valley Flyer Amtrak route.
Three-quarters of New England's population, and most major cities, are in the states of Connecticut, Massachusetts, and Rhode Island. Members of the Wampanoag tribe once lived in more than 67 communities in southeastern Massachusetts and eastern Rhode Island. Textile, boot and machinery manufacturing began in Massachusetts (and Rhode Island) and laid the foundation for the eventual industrialization and urbanization of Northeastern states. During the Great Recession, unemployment rates soared in New England as elsewhere; however, in the following years, these rates declined steadily, and New Hampshire and Massachusetts had the lowest unemployment rates in the country, respectively.