Massachusetts, officially the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is a state in the northeastern United States; it is one of the six states of New England. Massachusetts is bordered by Vermont and New Hampshire in the north, Rhode Island and Connecticut in the south, and New York in the west. Massachusetts is located at coordinates 42.3° N, 71.8° West. It is bordered by Connecticut and Rhode Island in the south, with New York to the west and New Hampshire and Vermont to the north.
The Atlantic Ocean is east of Massachusetts. Sectors vital to the Massachusetts economy include higher education, biotechnology, information technology, finance, healthcare, tourism, manufacturing, and defense. Most ports north of Cape Cod are operated by Boston Harbor Cruises, which operates ferry services in and around Greater Boston under contract with the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. To the west is the rural and mountainous region of Central Massachusetts, and beyond, the Connecticut River Valley.
But Massachusetts may be historically more important because of the role its people played in the War of Independence. For income-eligible residents, Mass Save has partnered with agencies of the Massachusetts Community Action Program and the Low-Income Energy Affordability Network (LEAN) to offer residents assistance with home improvements that will result in more energy efficient use. News & World Report ranked Massachusetts as the best state in the United States based on 60 metrics that include healthcare, education, crime, infrastructure, opportunity, economy, and government. The governor of Massachusetts heads the executive branch, while legislative authority vests a separate but equal legislature.
The Kripalu Center in Stockbridge, the Shaolin Meditation Temple in Springfield and the Insight Meditation Center in Barre are examples of non-Abrahamic religious centers in Massachusetts. From 1776 to 1780, the words State of Massachusetts Bay appeared at the top of all acts and resolutions. Massachusetts was at the forefront when the new country began to transform from an agrarian to an industrial economy. Although Massachusetts was the first slave colony dating back to the early 17th century, in the years before the American Civil War, Massachusetts was a center of progressive and abolitionist activity.
Training in a free, sovereign and independent political body or state under the name of The Commonwealth of Massachusetts. The Commonwealth of Massachusetts has played a powerful scientific, commercial and cultural role in the history of the United States. Massachusetts has gone from being a Republican-leaning state to one largely dominated by Democrats; the 1952 victory of John F. The state is home to two teams from FBS Division I, the Boston College of the Atlantic Coast Conference and the FBS Independent University of Massachusetts in Amherst.
Farmers and their sons and daughters traveled to the new cities; by the mid-1870s, Massachusetts had become the first state in the Union where more people lived in towns and cities than in rural areas.